12-31-2005, 12:06 PM
History relates to us that Herod the Great died in 4 B.C.
In Matthew's Gospel, it is recorded that Herod gave an edict to slay all the sons of Bethlehem 2 years old and younger?
Why 2 years old and younger? Because King Herod had exacted the precise time of the Star of Bethlehem from the Magi.
Therefore, it is clear that Christ was born sometime in 6 B.C. There would be no other reason for the King's edict if it were otherwise.
Michael Molnar has done an exquisite study of the conjunctions in 6 B.C. It was also recorded by none other than Kepler.
Who were these Magi? Scripture states that they were from the East. Albeit, this language is quite specific to Hebrew termenology. It is my judgment that these were Persian Magi from Petra.
Why? Because the prophecy of Baalam son of Beor in Num. 24 was given at this exact location. You will remember that Baalam was a magician who tried all manner of divination and sorcery against Israel. He himself even prophecies in this passage that no divination shall stand against Israel, and proceeds to give the prophecy of a new Star arising from Jacob in the future. This star would herald in the King of the Jews who would rule over Israel, Edom, and all the sons of Moab...(i.e., the whole world).
The prophecy was given in Mount Seir, the mountain overlooking the city of Petra. Petra was a major energy center for Magianism. It is this very city whence came all the learning of Egypt, Persia, Assyria, Greece, and Babylon. Petra is that very location whence began Mithrasism.
It is clear that these early interpretations of the Cosmocrator had their source around the regions of Mount Seir. Over the centuries, the prophecies of the coming king became misconstrued through superstition, idolotry, and false religion.
Yet, Zoaraster kept these records, and it is apparant that they remained in the library at Babylon during the Judean exile. It is quite likely that Ezra the Scribe is responsible for compiling the entire OT from Gen. - II Kings. And these records were inserted into Ezra's chronicle called 'Numbers' in the Pentateuch.
The Magi would be looking for this conjunction of stars. They knew the approximate time to be looking for the Messiah, as did the Jews. Yet, the Jews would not be looking for the star, because this prophecy was given specifically from Baalam to Balak and his kinsmen.
It becomes clear that the world is currently making its way through the year 2012. Officially, this began at Rosh Hashana in Sept. 2005. Yet, for the Roman calander, it will begin on the vulgar calander Jan. 1, 2006.
For more information on the Star of Bethlehem, I highly recommend Dr. Molnar's book.
--Fra N. 0=1
12-31-2005, 12:34 PM
Biblical Calendar Overview
Carl Felland, Ph.D.
What does our Gregorian Calendar have to do with the Biblical Calendar?
Midnight to midnight
Sunrise to sunrise
No relationship with moon
Begin with new moon
Winter to winter
Spring to spring
"The origin of the calendric system in general use today - the Gregorian calendar - can be traced back to the Roman republican calendar, which is thought to have been introduced by the fifth king of Rome, Tarquinius Priscus (616-579 BCE)... By 46 BCE the calendar had become so hopelessly confused that Julius Caesar was forced to initiate a reform of the entire system. Caesar invited the Alexandrian astronomer Sosigenes to undertake this task. Sosigenes suggested abandoning the lunar system altogether and replacing it with a tropical year of 365.25 days. The New Encyclopedia Britannica.
What does the Jewish Calendar have to do with the Biblical Calendar?
Evening to evening
Sunrise to sunrise
Based on astronomical new moon, with postponements
Based on astronomical new moon. No postponements needed because the High Sabbaths fall on the weekly Sabbaths
Spring to spring
Spring to spring
Some things. However...
"... each lunar month was divided into four parts, corresponding to the four phases on the moon. The first week of each month began with the new moon, so that, as the lunar month was one or two days more than four periods of seven days, these additional days were not reckoned at all." The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10, p. 482. Article "Week."
This presentation will examine days, weeks and months in the Biblical Calendar.
How is the Jewish Calendar different from the Biblical Calendar?
1) Jewish days begin at about sunset; whereas Biblical days begin with sunrise
a) The Jewish order is Night first and then Day.
b) The Biblical order is Day first and then Night.
2) Jewish weeks are continuous, rather than being "reset" by the new moon
a) The planetary week we observe today is not the Biblical week.
b) The phases of the moon relate to weeks.
3) Jewish months are independent of the actual new moon
a) The Jewish calendar is schematic with generally alternating 29 and 30 day months and thus is independent of the actual new moon. The first month of the year (Tishri) is based on the astronomical new moon, but postponements may result in delays of one or two days to prevent annual holidays from falling on certain days of the week.
b) In contrast, historical evidence of early calendars and Biblical evidence points to the New Moon being one or two days long, based on the astronomical new moon. "These days were not reckoned at all."
c) The Bible makes no provision for postponements in the beginning of months.
What does the Bible say about the calendar?
How many types of days are in the Bible
Work days and Sabbaths?
Thus says the Master YHWH; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46: 1
In the Bible we have three categories of days.
1. The six working days
3. Day of new moon
Condition of gate
Category of day
The day of the New Moon is a separate category of day.
It is neither a working day nor a weekly Sabbath. It is a period of time, one or two days, outside of the week.
The three categories of days are always mutually exclusive.
The math works for Ezekiel 46: 1. The gate of the temple does not have to be open and shut on the same day, as if a new moon would fall on a working day.
Month 2 1
Working days, Sabbaths, New Moon Given the lunar cycle of 29.5 days can we make a calendar that allows for these three categories of days?
Yes, we can.
This calendar shows a 30 day month followed by a 29 day month. This is quite foreign to most of us, but a double day of the new moon (thirtieth and first) follows the twenty ninth, or the last sabbath, of the first month.
This two day intermission does not cause one to violate the fourth commandment of working six days and resting the seventh day, because the commandment does not specify when the six working days begin.
After a 29 day month the day of the new moon is the first of the month, a one day intermission. Biblical months evidently alternated between 29 and 30 days as do Jewish months. Some have suggested that all months were originally 30 days long.
Selected New Moon Passages
And they assembled all the congregation together on the first [day] of the second month, Num 1:18a
Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; ... Num 10:10
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first [day] of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Lev 23:24
And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third [day] at even 1Sa 20:6
If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked [leave] of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for [there is] a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 1Sa 20:6
And it came to pass on the morrow, [which was] the second [day] of the month***, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day? 1Sa 20:27
And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him to day? [it is] neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, [It shall be] well. 2Ki 4:23
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]: Col 2:16
Does the Bible bear out this calendar?
Yes, it does. The new moon is often mentioned in the Bible and has certain activities associated with it.
The new moon was a worship day, a day to visit the prophet, a day for annual sacrifices, and the day that commemorated creation, Yom Teruah, the first of the seventh month.
The account of David and Jonathan in 1 Samuel 20 is the most detailed account of a new moon in the Bible. We see that the new moon was known in advance. Saul presided over the two day feast. David and Jonathan spoke together on the day prior, which would have been the 29th, and vowed to get back together on the third day. David's excuse for not coming was an annual family sacrifice, an activity that would have been usual for a new moon.
The reference to the second day of the month in 1 Samuel 20 verses 27 and 34 is probably more accurately translated as second day of the new moon. In this chapter the words new moon and month are the same Hebrew word Chodesh. This instance of a certain day of the month being mentioned outside of the context of a specific month is unique and leads one to understand that the author is referring back to the same new moon introduced at the beginning of the account.
A second verse other than Ezekiel 46: 1 and 3 to show all three categories of days is found in 2 Kings 4: 23. The Shunammite woman's son had died and she went to her husband to send for the Prophet. The husband was working in the field and wondered why his wife would want to visit the Prophet on a work day, rather than the customary time of new moon or sabbath.
We see that the New Moon was known in advance. It is neither a work day nor a weekly Sabbath day, but rather a monthly intermission from routine work. Paul's reference in Colossians to the new moon indicates that it was observed among the early believers.
***month here is the same Hebrew word as new moon and because a specific month is not mentioned refers to the second day of the two day new moon
What does the New Moon have to do with the Sabbath?
Sabbaths Fall on Specific Days
In the Biblical Calendar the Sabbaths always fall on the eighth, fifteenth, twenty second and twenty ninth day of the month. The sabbaths in both the Old and New Testaments fall on these dates exclusively. Below are three examples.
Exo 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which [is] between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.
Exo 16:4 Then said YHWH unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
Exo 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare [that] which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.
Exo 16:8 And Moses said, [This shall be], when YHWH shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full;...
Exo 16:23 And he said unto them, This [is that] which YHWH hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto YHWH: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
Israel Taught When to Observe Sabbath
The sabbath was (re)taught to Israel in the second month of their Exodus from Egypt.
The Israelites made it to camp on the fifteenth. That evening they had quail. The next morning (sixteenth) was the first of six days of manna. On the sixth day (twenty first) they were told to gather a double portion, for on the seventh day (twenty second) there was to be no manna.
It follows that if the twenty second is a sabbath that the eighth, fifteenth and twenty ninth would be also. The first would have been a new moon.
Est 9:18 But the Jews that [were] at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth [day] thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth [day] of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Sabbath on Fifteenth after Purim
The Jews rested on the fifteenth after Purim. Why did they rest? It was the sabbath.
Mat 20:19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall rise again.
Mat 26:2 Ye know that after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
Joh 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away.
Lev 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before YHWH, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
The crucifixion week had one Sabbath
First day: Crucifixion occurred on the fourteenth, Passover
Second day: Messiah rested in the grave on the fifteenth, first day of Unleavened Bread, both a weekly and annual sabbath. Note "for that sabbath day was an high day."
Third day: Messiah rose on the sixteenth, the day of the Wave Sheath offering. This offering was to be made on the day following the sabbath. The debate over whether this sabbath was the first day of Unleavened Bread or the weekly sabbath during the feast is solved when one understands the Biblical Calendar. This debate could only have originated if the nature of the sabbath was corrupted.
What are the roles of the sun and the moon in the Biblical Calendar?
Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Psa 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
The sun divides the day from the night. The night portion begins at sunset with dusk and ends with dawn. Dusk is the transition from light to darkness and dawn is the transition from darkness to light. Genesis 1:5 is literally "And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was dusk [following the creative work of the day] and there was dawn, day one." The second day is ready to begin with a new sunrise.
The moon is for seasons, Hebrew mo'ed or appointed times.
You cannot tell what day it is by watching the sun.
You can tell what day it is by watching the moon progress through its lunar cycle.
The Biblical new moon is based on the astronomical new moon or 'conjunction.' At dawn on the twenty-eighth, just before Sabbath on the twenty-nineth, the last crescent may or may not be visible. In general, if the crescent is not visible at this time, the conjunction will occur on the Sabbath and the next day will be the New Moon day. If the crescent is visible at dawn on the twenty-eighth, the conjunction will occur on the thirtieth day of the month, making a two day New Moon.
Amo 8:5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?
On the first day of the month the crescent is generally visible at sunset, indicating that the next day is a work day.
Psa 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Major phases of the moon
The time between major phases of the moon averages 7 days 9 hours, with a variation of between about 6 1/2 to 8 days. The following is based on averages, the actual phase may be off by one day.
First quarter follows seven days after the new moon announcing the first sabbath on the eighth. The first quarter moon is visible directly overhead at sunset.
Full moon follows about fifteen days after the new moon on the second sabbath, the fifteenth. Moonrise and sunset are nearly synchronous at full moon.
Last quarter follows about twenty two and a half days after the new moon on the third sabbath, the twenty second. The last quarter moon is visible directly overhead at sunrise
Seven days after last quarter is the last crescent as the next new moon conjunction approaches.
Lev 23:2, 3 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, [Concerning] the feasts of YHWH, which ye shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, [even] these [are] my feasts. Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day [is] the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work [therein]: it [is] the sabbath of YHWH in all your dwellings.
The Weekly Sabbath is the First Feast
The weekly sabbath is the first feast [mo'ed] listed in Leviticus 23. All the other feasts listed in this chapter are determined by the moon. The weekly sabbath is no different.
Special acknowledgments go to Troy Miller for introducing me to this calendar and for his in depth research.
01-02-2006, 10:01 AM
The Biblical calander is the Jewish calender. Who wrote that article?
Gen. 1 reads thus, "And there was an evening and a morning -- one day."
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