SeC

06-17-2007, 06:50 AM

Einstein, Cartan and Evans – Start of a New Age in Physics?

Horst Eckardt,

Munich, Germany

Laurence G. Felker,

Reno, Nevada, USA

[original German article to be published online at: http://www.borderlands.de/inet.jrnl.php3]

Summary

Although physicists have struggled in vain for over a half-century to encompass all natural forces within a unified theory, chemical physicist Myron W. Evans has now succeeded. Based on the fundamental insights of Albert Einstein and Elie Cartan, Evans’ theory takes the geometry of space-time itself as the origin of all forces of Nature. As Einstein attributed gravitation to the curvature of space-time, the new theory attributes electromagnetism to the torsion or twisting of space-time. The possibility of reciprocal interactions between gravitation and electromagnetism -- which possibility is denied in current mainstream physics -- leads to predictions of new physical effects which could be used to produce power and energy from

space-time.

Introduction For centuries, physicists and philosophers sought a unified description of all phenomena of Nature. We know today that the world at the sub-microscopic quantum scale behaves very differently than our familiar macroscopic experience. In particular, theories of gravitation have been irreconcilable with quantum theory. Therefore, one expects that, if gravitation could be unified with quantum theory, wholly new insights would result. It now appears that this unification has been achieved, but not in the manner expected by previous generations of scientists. This unification predicts fundamental new effects – for example, the production of energy (or power) without need for input of other primary energy. This prediction, among others, is creating great interest in professional and scientific circles. We now review the origins of this unification.

Albert Einstein in 1915 published a theory of the gravitational interaction; he called this the theory of General Relativity, and today it provides the basis for our understanding and exploration of the cosmos at large. In 1905, Einstein had already produced the theory of Special Relativity, which rests upon the well-known postulate of “constancy of the speed of light“ in vacuum. During the last thirty years of his life, Einstein looked for a still more comprehensive unified theory which could cover all known natural forces. He spent the years

from approximately 1925 to 1955 in this search, but did not reach his desired goal. Since the discovery of quantum mechanics in the 1920’s, the majority of physicists busied themselves with this, and not with General Relativity. The fact that quantum mechanics is consistent only with Special Relativity, but not with General Relativity, was overlooked or ignored. In

addition, while quantum mechanics is successful in describing the electron sheath of atoms; it is not a suitable theory for the high mass-densities which occur within atomic nuclei.

Other notable progress toward unified theory in the 20th century consisted of a unification of electromagnetism with the weak nuclear force, via an extension of the formalism of quantum- mechanics. Gravitation has remained, until today, outside the Standard Model of particle physics.

Elie Cartan is less well-known than Einstein. He was a French mathematician who exchanged ideas with Einstein concerning many details of General Relativity. Cartan’s original insight was that electromagnetism could be derived, via differential geometry, from the geometry of space-time – more or less in parallel with Einstein’s insight that gravitation could be derived from space-time geometry.

A successful unification, however, was not achieved by Cartan and/or Einstein. The unification was finally achieved in the year 2003 by Myron Evans who, trained as a chemical physicist, brought fresh insight to the problem. Evans held several academic professorships in England and the USA, before he was forced to withdraw because of his unorthodox views, and he now works as a “private researcher“ in his homeland of Wales. From there, he

conducts the “Alpha Institute for Advanced Study“ (AIAS), which presents his ideas to the public as a world-wide team or working-group. A popular-scientific presentation is in [3].

Recently concentrating its work on energy production from the vacuum -- a topic which established science avoids – the AIAS website generates large interest, as shown by the steady increase in web-page statistics on the AIAS site [4]. Many well-known universities and research establishments world-wide have visited these pages.

Continue to read:

http://www.atomicprecision.com/Twiki/ECE-Article_EN.pdf

Horst Eckardt,

Munich, Germany

Laurence G. Felker,

Reno, Nevada, USA

[original German article to be published online at: http://www.borderlands.de/inet.jrnl.php3]

Summary

Although physicists have struggled in vain for over a half-century to encompass all natural forces within a unified theory, chemical physicist Myron W. Evans has now succeeded. Based on the fundamental insights of Albert Einstein and Elie Cartan, Evans’ theory takes the geometry of space-time itself as the origin of all forces of Nature. As Einstein attributed gravitation to the curvature of space-time, the new theory attributes electromagnetism to the torsion or twisting of space-time. The possibility of reciprocal interactions between gravitation and electromagnetism -- which possibility is denied in current mainstream physics -- leads to predictions of new physical effects which could be used to produce power and energy from

space-time.

Introduction For centuries, physicists and philosophers sought a unified description of all phenomena of Nature. We know today that the world at the sub-microscopic quantum scale behaves very differently than our familiar macroscopic experience. In particular, theories of gravitation have been irreconcilable with quantum theory. Therefore, one expects that, if gravitation could be unified with quantum theory, wholly new insights would result. It now appears that this unification has been achieved, but not in the manner expected by previous generations of scientists. This unification predicts fundamental new effects – for example, the production of energy (or power) without need for input of other primary energy. This prediction, among others, is creating great interest in professional and scientific circles. We now review the origins of this unification.

Albert Einstein in 1915 published a theory of the gravitational interaction; he called this the theory of General Relativity, and today it provides the basis for our understanding and exploration of the cosmos at large. In 1905, Einstein had already produced the theory of Special Relativity, which rests upon the well-known postulate of “constancy of the speed of light“ in vacuum. During the last thirty years of his life, Einstein looked for a still more comprehensive unified theory which could cover all known natural forces. He spent the years

from approximately 1925 to 1955 in this search, but did not reach his desired goal. Since the discovery of quantum mechanics in the 1920’s, the majority of physicists busied themselves with this, and not with General Relativity. The fact that quantum mechanics is consistent only with Special Relativity, but not with General Relativity, was overlooked or ignored. In

addition, while quantum mechanics is successful in describing the electron sheath of atoms; it is not a suitable theory for the high mass-densities which occur within atomic nuclei.

Other notable progress toward unified theory in the 20th century consisted of a unification of electromagnetism with the weak nuclear force, via an extension of the formalism of quantum- mechanics. Gravitation has remained, until today, outside the Standard Model of particle physics.

Elie Cartan is less well-known than Einstein. He was a French mathematician who exchanged ideas with Einstein concerning many details of General Relativity. Cartan’s original insight was that electromagnetism could be derived, via differential geometry, from the geometry of space-time – more or less in parallel with Einstein’s insight that gravitation could be derived from space-time geometry.

A successful unification, however, was not achieved by Cartan and/or Einstein. The unification was finally achieved in the year 2003 by Myron Evans who, trained as a chemical physicist, brought fresh insight to the problem. Evans held several academic professorships in England and the USA, before he was forced to withdraw because of his unorthodox views, and he now works as a “private researcher“ in his homeland of Wales. From there, he

conducts the “Alpha Institute for Advanced Study“ (AIAS), which presents his ideas to the public as a world-wide team or working-group. A popular-scientific presentation is in [3].

Recently concentrating its work on energy production from the vacuum -- a topic which established science avoids – the AIAS website generates large interest, as shown by the steady increase in web-page statistics on the AIAS site [4]. Many well-known universities and research establishments world-wide have visited these pages.

Continue to read:

http://www.atomicprecision.com/Twiki/ECE-Article_EN.pdf