(1) Catholic Churches
There has been no clear opposition gainst the war shrine worship. Instead, the Vatican recommends the faithful to visit Yasukuni Shrine. In the 1960s, the Vatican allowed the faithful to attend other religious ceremonies in Japan.
But, in the 1930s, the Vatican's attitude toward Yasukuni visit was outrageous. But, there was a good reason for that.
The Vatican became an independent country within Italy thanks to Benito Mussolini on February 11, 1929.
On this day Japan also celebrated its own foundation because this day was also Japan's most important national holiday, the National Foundation Day..
Benito Mussolini was Japan's passionate and persistent friend. Both countries were fascist states.
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini seemed to have been supported secretly by Japan. It was not difficult for a crazy country to spread secret money to such crazy figures and to make them climb the political ladder to the national leader.
The Vatican had no way other than to allow Japanese christians to visit Yasukuni shrine.
In 1922, Benito Mussolini became the prime minister.
In 1929, Benito Mussolini recognized the independence of Vatican City.
In 1939, World War II broke out.
In 1940, the Tripartite Treaty was signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
In the 1930s, at a time when militarists had taken control of the Japanese government and society, Catholics in Japan faced a problem. Children had to go to Shinto shrines as part of their school activities. In September 1932, Archbishop Jean-Baptiste-Alexis Chambon of Tokyo asked the Ministry of Education to clarify whether or not such visits were religious. A week after the archbishop sent his letter, a response came saying such visits were a manifestation of patriotism and loyalty, not a religious activity.
Based on that, Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, prefect of "Propaganda"(now the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples) in Rome, sent word to Japan in May 1936 indicating that since visits to Shinto shrines were not religious activities, Catholics were allowed to make such visits.
After Japan's defeat in 1945, the U.S. occupation authorities ordered the denationalization of Shinto shrines, including Yasukuni. Thereafter, they were to be religious entities. At the first post-war gathering of Japan's bishops in May 1946, the bishops decreed that Catholics henceforth were not allowed to go to shrines in either a private or a public capacity.
Yasukuni Jinja has been visited by many important dignitaries and military officials.
1968/9/6 Catholic Priest Don Jaine of Brazil
1969/6/6 Father Tony Glynn, the Father of the Catholic Nara Church (He was from Australia.)
In the 1960s, Japanese Catholic churches allowed the faithful to visit other religious organizations such as Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples.
※Theses facts are surprising facts for me. I have never heard or read these facts. But, for many years, I have been skeptical about Japanese christians' attitude. They are mostly from rich families such as doctors, lawyers and professors. They are usually the bastion of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party and also Yasukuni Shrine.
Now I understand to the full.
Japan's Conspiracy (1)