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Old 03-10-2014, 08:14 PM
redrat11 redrat11 is offline
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Michelle Obama Princeton Thesis

Princeton-Educated Blacks and the Black Community by Michelle LaVaughn Robinson

A thesis presented to Princeton Universityin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Department of Sociology. Princeton, New Jersey, 1985(c)

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson, 1985

I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis.I authorize Princeton University to lend this thesis to oth-er institutions or individuals for the purpose of scholarly research.

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson
I further authorize Princeton University to reproduce thisthesis by photocopying or by other means, in total or inpart, at the request of other institutions or individuals for the purpose of scholarly research.

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson
Princeton University requires the signatures of all persons using or photocopying this thesis. Please sign below, and give address and date.

As a future Black alumnus, this study is particularly in-teresting because often times I take my own attitudes about such issues for granted;. never pausing to reflect upon howmy experiences at Princeton may somehow have caused my atti-tudes to change. This is important for Blacks in contempo-rary society because as more Blacks begin attending predomi-nately White universities it will be helpful to know howtheir experiences in these universities affect their future attitudes. In years to come if their attitudes do change,is it possible, for example, that they will become more comfortable interacting with Blacks or with Whites in vari-ous activities? Will they become more or less motivated tobenefit the Black community? If there is a change in theirattitudes to what might it be attributed? Will they feelany obligation as a member of the Black community to helpother Blacks in particular who are less fortunate than them-selves?Earlier in my college career, there was no doubt in mymind that as a member of the Black community I was somehowobligated to this community and would utilize all of mypresent and future resources to benefit this community firstand foremost. My experiences at Princeton have made me farmore aware of my “Blackness” than ever before. I have foundthat at Princeton no matter how liberal and open-minded someof my White professors and classmates try to be toward me, Isometimes feel like a visitor on campus; as if I reallydon’t belong. Regardless of the circumstances underwhich Iinteract with Whites at Princeton, it often seems as if, to them, I will always be Black first and a student second.
These experiences have made it apparent to me that thepath I have chosen to follow by attending Princeton willlikely lead to my further integration and/or assimilationinto a White cultural and social structure that will onlyallow me to remain on the periphery of society; never becom-3ing a full participant. This realization has presently,made my goals to actively utilize my resources to benefitthe Black community more desirable.At the same time , however, it is conceivable that myfour years of exposure to a predominately White, Ivy LeagueUniversity has instilled within me certain conservative val-ues. For example, as I enter my final year at Princeton, Ifind myself striving for many of the same goals as my Whiteclassmates–acceptance to a prestigious graduate or profes-sional school or a high paying position in a successful cor-poration. Thus, my goals after Princeton are not as clearas before.

CAUSAL MODELThe diagram below represents the original hypothesized relationships between the independent and dependent vari-ables.Ideologies Comfort interacting with Blacks(+)Time — TMotivations to benefit the Black communityAttitudes towards the Black lower class(Diagram 1)HYPOTHESES

It is my belief, as seen by the above causal model, that the independent variable which measures the actual time the respondents have spent throughout the three periods of their lifetime with Blacks and with Whites will have a strong ef-fect on the dependent variables of the study because the more the individual spends time with a group of people, the more the individual will be familiar with that particulargroup of people. For example, if the study shows that morerespondents spend time with Blacks than with Whites duringeach period of his/her lifetime, the study is likely to showmore respondents tend to be comfortable with Blacks than with Whites when interacting in various activities.19I also further hypothesize that this sense of comfortwith Blacks will be greatest in all the activities measuredby this dependent variable except intellectual activites.Intellectually, Blacks may be more comfortable with Whitesas a result of a greater amount of exposure to Whites in anacademic setting while at Princeton. Attending Princetonhas probably forced the respondents to compete intellectual-ly with Whites more than with Blacks and, thus, they have probably become more familiar with Whites intellectually,but in other activities they are not likely to have gainedfamiliarity with Whites if they did not spend time with Whites in other activities besides intellectual ones.As a result of this greater sense of comfort felt by re-spondents with groups with whom they have spent more time,more respondents will be interested in benefiting these par-ticular groups in comparison to others. Thus, the variablemeasuring time spent with Blacks or Whites will also influ-ence the dependent variable measured by the respondents’ mo-tivation to benefit various social groups. For example, re-spondents who. have spent time with Blacks are likely to bemore comfortable with Blacks and will, therefore, take agreat interest in benefiting this group in comparison toother social groups. Consequently, it is also likely thatthese respondents are motivated to benefit self, their lovedones (who are also likely to be Black) and the Black commu-nity in comparison to other social groups indicated by this20variable. While Blacks who are more comfortable with Whitesthan with Blacks will probably be less interested in ben-efiting the Black community.The more respondents spend time with Blacks, the more po-sitive and compassionate they will be in their attitudes to-wards lower class Black Americans, expressing strong feel-ings of obligation to take part in improving their lives.Feelings of obligation will also tend to be strong forBlacks who have spent more time with Whites because of ageneral sense of compassion towards all underprivileged peo-ple. However, the feelings of pride in remaining apart fromtheir lives will be much stronger than their feelings ofpride in not remaining apart from their lives because theserespondents will show tendencies of downplaying the rela-tionship between themselves and other Blacks.The socio-economic status of the respondents’ parents inaddition to the individual’s career mobility are likely toplace these individual’s in social and economic arenas morecompatible with Whites, who make up a large segment of mid-dle class Americans, because they will be able to afford allof the luxuries typical of the White middle class. Thus,the higher the class and the more upward the career mobili-ty, the more comfortable these Blacks will be with Whitesthan with lower class Blacks. Class and upward mobilitywill probably influence the dependent variables in the sameway that time spent influenced the independent variables.

The Radical, RACIST background of Michelle Obama



Wife of Barack Hussein ObamaAttorneyViews America as a racist, sexist, homophobic nationDeclared in 2008, “For the first time in my adult lifetime, I am really proud of my country...”Born in Chicago on January 17, 1964, Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama is an attorney who has been married toBarack Hussein Obama*since 1992.In 1985 Miss Robinson received her B.A. in Sociology from Princeton University, where she minored in African American Studies.*According toFrontPageMagazine*reporter Jacob Laksin, “In a [February 2008] interview with*Newsweek, [Michelle] Obama reveals that she got into Princeton … not on the strength of her grades, which she admits were unexceptional, but thanks to her brother Craig, a star athlete and gifted student who preceded her to the school. As a ‘legacy’ candidate and a beneficiary of affirmative action, Michelle Obama was granted an opportunity that others more accomplished were denied.”During her years at Princeton, Miss Robinson was a*board member*with a radical campus group known as theThird World Center*(TWC), which was established in 1971*to provide*"a social, cultural and political environment that reflects the needs and concerns of students of color at the University”; toremedy*the fact that “the University’s cultural and social organizations have largely been shaped by students from families nurtured in the Anglo-American and European traditions”; to acknowledge that “it has not always been easy for students from different backgrounds to enter the mainstream of campus life”; and to teach minority students to “become more sensitive to the consequences of a*long history*of prejudice and discrimination.”TWC's constitution and founding documents were steeped in anti-American and anti-white rhetoric. TWC's constitution*stated:

"The term ‘Third World’ implies[,] for us, those nations who have fallen victim to the oppression and exploitation of the world economic order. This includes the peoples of color of the United States, as they too have been victims of a brutal and racist economic structure which exploited and still exploits the labor of such groups as Asians, Blacks, and Chicanos, and invaded and still occupies the homelands of such groups as the Puerto Ricans, American Indians, and native Hawaiian people. We therefore find it necessary to reeducate ourselves to the various forms of exploitation and oppression. We must strive to understand more than just the basics of human rights. We must seek to understand the historical roots and contemporary ramifications of racism if Third World people are to liberate themselves from the economic and social chains they find themselves in."

A 1976 TWC*document*titled “Oppression breeds resistance,” stated: “The history of the peoples of the Third World, who have suffered from U.S. Imperialism, and of the oppressed nationalities within the United States—Afro-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Chicanos, Asians, and Native Americans, has been a history of oppression and resistance.” On one occasion in 1973, TWC brought the Puerto Rican Nationalist and Socialist, Manuel Maldonado-Denis to campus as a*guest speaker. “I have come from a colonized country, submitted to cultural assimilation and cultural aggression,” he*told*the students at TWC. He accused the United States of “dominating,” “fleecing” and “exploiting” Puerto Rico, and said “the only solution” to the problem was “the establishment of national liberation and the establishment of socialism.”*In*November 1984, during Michelle Robinson's tenure as a TWC board member, that board maintained that nonwhite students should have the right to bar whites from its meetings on campus and from its meetings with school administrators. Of the 19 elected positions on the organization's board, two were reserved exclusively for each of the five ethnic groups TWC claimed to represent: Asian, Black, Chicano, Puerto Rican, and Native American.TWC played a key*role*in bringing to Princeton's campus a host of radical speakers, including such notables as Hassan Rahman, the Palestinian Liberation Organization’s deputy observer to the United Nations; David Johnson, affiliated with the terrorist group FMLN; former Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Manley, a committed socialist;*William Bowen, the architect of Princeton’s racial preference programs; Roberto Vargas, a pro-Sandinista, pro-Che Guevara*poet; Miguel Barnet, a pro-Castro*writer and ethnographer;*Manning Marable, a renowned black Marxist; and a number of*ACORN*representatives.*At Princeton, Miss Robinson wrote a senior thesis entitled “Princeton-Educated Blacks and the Black Community,” (see complete thesis under the Resources column on the left-hand side of this page). Some excerpts from the thesis include the following:

Predominately white universities like Princeton are socially and academically designed to cater to the needs of the white students comprising the bulk of their enrollments.”“[My Princeton experiences] “will likely lead to my further integration and/or assimilation into a White cultural and social structure that will only allow me to remain on the periphery of society; never becoming a full participant.”“I have found that at Princeton, no matter how liberal and open-minded some of my white professors and classmates try to be toward me, I sometimes feel like a visitor on campus; as if I really don't belong. Regardless of the circumstances under which I interact with whites at Princeton, it often seems as if, to them, I will always be black first and a student second.”“Earlier in my college career, there was no doubt in my mind that as a member of the Black community I was somehow obligated to this community and would utilize all of my present and future resources to benefit this community first and foremost.”“In defining the concept of identification or the ability to identify with the black community … I based my definition on the premise that there is a distinctive black culture very different from white culture.”
After graduating from Princeton, Miss Robinson went on to attend*HarvardLaw School, where she was accepted under the aegis of a minority outreach program. As one of her friends*would later reflect, Robinson recognized that she had been privileged by affirmative action and was very comfortable with that.In 1988, during her third and final year at Harvard, Miss Robinson*wrote*anessay*for the Black Law Students Association (BLSA) newsletter, condemning Harvard for its dearth of nonwhite and female law professors, and for not having tried to increase their numbers by hiring new candidates on the basis of skin color and sex rather than their academic credentials:“The faculty’s decision to distrust and ignore non-traditional qualities in choosing and tenuring law professors merely reinforces racist and sexist stereotypes, which, in turn, serve to legitimize students’ tendencies to distrust certain types of teaching that do not resemble the traditional images.”Also in the 1988*essay, Miss Robinson derided such books as*The Paper Chaseand*One-L, for promoting the notion that law professors should be “cold, callous, domineering, old, white men who took pleasure in engaging their students in humiliating and often brutal discourse.” She criticized the “traditional model” of law-school instruction, which relied heavily on the Socratic method. She lauded the work of several professors who did not use that method, including such far-leftists as Martha Minow and Charles Ogletree. And she heaped praise upon the concept of*critical race theory, which holds that because racism is so deeply ingrained in American institutions, classical liberal ideals such as meritocracy, equal opportunity, and colorblind justice are essentially nothing more than empty slogans.On May 10, 1988, just a few weeks before Miss Robinson received her Harvard law degree, she and some 50 other BLSA members, carrying signs demanding an “end to racism,”stormed*the office of Dean James Vorenberg and occupied it for 24 hours. Specifically, the protesters demanded that Harvard Law School hire (and grant tenure to) 20 female or minority professors over the ensuing four years. They demanded, further, that at least seven of those twenty hires be black — and that at least four of those seven be female. Moreover, they demanded that Harvard grant tenure to Professor Ogletree and a deanship to Professor*Derrick Bell, the father of critical race theory.After law school, Miss Robinson returned to Chicago to work for the law firm Sidley Austin. There she*mether future husband, Barack Obama, who was working for the firm as a summer associate. In the summer of 1991 she*joined the staff*of Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley.In 1992, as noted earlier, Miss Robinson wed Barack Obama. The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev.Jeremiah Wright, pastor of Chicago's Trinity United Church of Christ (TUCC), where the Obamas were members of the congregation. (They would remain members of TUCC until 2008.)In 1993 she became Executive Director for the Chicago office of the organization Public Allies, an entity that*sought*to cultivate future community activist leaders by arranging apprenticeships for young adults with non-profit organizations.In 2002, Mrs. Obama began working for the University of Chicago Hospitals (UCH), first as Executive Director for Community Affairs and later, beginning in May 2005, as Vice President for Community and External Affairs. In these roles, she was heavily involved in managing UCH’s “business diversity program.” In early 2005, shortly after her husband had been sworn in as a*Democratic*U.S. Senator representing Illinois, Mrs. Obama’s annual salary at UCH was suddenlyraised*from $121,910 to*$316,962.Mrs. Obama also served as a salaried board member of TreeHouse Foods, Inc., a major Wal-Mart supplier with whom she cut ties immediately after her husband made comments critical of Wal-Mart at an AFL-CIO forum in Trenton, New Jersey, on May 14, 2007.Mrs. Obama was*honored*by*Essencemagazine in May 2006 as one of the “World's Most Inspiring Women”; byVanity*Fair*in July 2007 as one of the “World's Best-Dressed Women”; and by02138*magazine in September 2007 as #58 in "The Harvard 100" list of that university’s most influential alumni.In a February 2007 appearance with her husband on*60 Minutes, Mrs. Obama implied that America’s allegedly rampant white racism posed a great physical threat to her husband, who had just announced his candidacy for the 2008 presidential race. Said Mrs. Obama: “As a black man, you know, Barack can get shot going to the gas station.” (Mrs. Obama’s implication ignored the fact that the vast majority of violence against black Americans is committed by other blacks.*Accordingto the U.S. Justice Department, for instance, between 1976 and 2005, fully 94 percent of black murder victims were killed by black attackers.)

Last edited by redrat11 : 03-10-2014 at 08:54 PM.
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