THE SECRET OF THE FIRE SWORD
OR HOW IT IS POSSIBLE THE IRON-GUARDIST PHENOMENON
University Book Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006
ISBN (10) 973-731-442-5; ISBN (13) 978-973-731-442-0
By Radu Mihai CRIŞAN, Doctor in Economy – speciality «History of Economic Thoughts »
(It is in fact the revised and enlarged Second Edition of the work The Smile of the Iron-Guard. Or How I Understand the Romanian Iron-Guard, University Book Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006.)
All the rights for multiplication, translation, adaptation and diffusion of this work are absolutely free (free of charge and unconfined) both for Romania and for each of the other countries of the world.
What is untrue it does not become true by the circumstance that it is national; what is unjust it does not become just for that reason that it is national.
Nationality within the boundaries of the truth.
Mihai Eminescu, Manuscript Out of the Meetings of Young Romania Association. The Nationalists and the Cosmopolites, in Mihai Eminescu, Works, vol. IX, Critical Edition founded by Perpessicius, Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 1980, page 457
„Do not be fighters without having adapted and perfected a technique of the contact with God. A contact of the endlessness by means of the pious heart.(
Learn the ample rate of breath of the plants and stars. Do not remain in the hasty breath of the fear or hatred. Take the chains of endurance and inner peace. Pray before order or give advice to the others. Do not enter the collective destiny without having found yourselves, without knowing how to maintain the lights within yourselves lit”.*
*Vasile Posteucă, The Imperial Destiny of the Romanian. God, People, Man, Publishing House Criterion Publishing, Norcross, GA, U.S.A., f.a., page 62
Only You God, You Are Without Sin
In my opinion, I am not for Masonry nor against it; neither anti-Semite and nor philo-Semite; neither xenophobe and nor xenophile; neither favourable for Iron-Guardists and nor against them, neither pro Antonescu and nor against him; neither chauvinist and nor renegade.
I confess, beside the Apostles, that only you God, only You are without sin» and it is repugnant to me organically both to praise and to throw the anathema.
And this much more when it is about the historical personalities and events about which I am fully aware of the imperfection of my knowledge.
I strongly believe in the sublime part of the soul of each of us and in the sanctity of the human duty to seek the Truth for Himself/Herself – as he/she is one and the same with God. This belief is the first and the last thought that urged me to write this moral confession. .
Of course, each quest made beyond the thin crust of the political and historical taboos depicts the image of some secret spiritual icons to its privileged author. Imprinted icons, in situations as the present ones, including the contact with extremely sensible aspects. .
Therefore, it is understood as such: the pertinence of any cognitive endeavor in the field is conditioned by the integration of the said aspects within the investigating efforts. Of course, with honesty and decency, not passionate and without any trace of preconceived idea. .
It is just what I strongly endeavoured to do, it is the stake of being present some quotations not at all convenient in the work.
My Dear Reader,
Dear Fellow Man,
The thoughts you are reading now are rather a confession than a so-called foreword (the equivalent of which they represented at their first edition).Or than an elementary treaty (that is pre-imagined, perhaps, now).
Although they are referring to an Iron-Guardist Monograph, they are written by a non-Iron Guardist. By a Romanian who is considered to be neither favourable to Iron-Guardists nor against them. And whose profession is not even that of a historian. But only a fellow man of yours that was invited by one of the editors self-involved in a monographic effort about Ion Moţa and Vasile Marin to share for you, as far as the space in a foreword allows, some of the feelings and thoughts that were brought about by the meeting with the militant writing of these two Iron-Guardist commanders. This because of the only reason that, previously, I made and published the political wills of the six of the Martyrs of the Nation, among them the leading three of the Iron-Guard – Codreanu, Moţa and Marin – (beside Eminescu, Antonescu and Iorga1), with even the words of each of them, by logical assembling of QUOTATED IDEAS.
1 With whom, with all three of them, this is in a full idea unity.
I am aware that accepting the invitation I take upon myself a huge responsibility. Because of, at least, seven reasons, as follows:
1) „The Iron-Guard phenomenon was and is the most subject to distortion”2.
2 Gheorghe Buzatu, About Iron-Guardists and Iron-Guard, Foreword to Monograph Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and His Epoch, Publishing House Criterion Publishing, Norcross, GA, U.S.A., 2001, page 7
2) „The Iron-Guard Movement had never the chance for a fair play action at law, with the right to present its point of view and to defend itself”3.
3 Ion Varlam, Pseudo-Romania. Conspiracy of De-conspiracy, VOG Publishing House, Bucharest, 2004, page 332
3) Almost „all the opinions no matter how many were expressed till now about the Iron-Guard Movement, except those of the Iron-Guardists themselves, were based exclusively on information from a single source, that of its opponents, either they are the democrats before the last World War or that they are in fact communists being - thus – in a diametrically opposed political position”4.
4 Ion Papuc, Towards Past. Portraits and Ideologies, Vergiliu Publishing House, Bucharest, 2005, page 367
4) „Among various regimes and governments that followed in the last 60 years5 (I also consider the(
) there is an element of continuity , a common point in their political behaviour: anti- Iron Guard6”7.
5 For the pertinent updating of the number of years, I emphasize that the text is published in 2001.
6 „The Iron-Guardists were hit from all directions. They were imprisoned for many years after August 23, 1944 but also before coming to governing of the communists!” (Ion Coja, Our Iron-Guardists, UMC Publishng House, Bucharest, 2001, page 9) „Before 1944, the imprisonment conditions were obviously harder for the Iron-Guardists than for the communists! And so on and so forth, after 1944, the imprisonment conditions were harder for the Iron-Guardists than for the others! And above all, some Iron-Guardists, political prisoners before 1944, politically convicted by (
our bourgeoisie-landowners remained also imprisoned after the «Liberation in August 1944». Some of them were set free only in 1964!” (ibidem, page 9) … „I do not know what other common features would have had Armand Călinescu and Petre Roman, but one thing is sure: the anti-Iron Guard, that pushed the first one to crime and that pushed the other one to lying. (Among others, the lie with the Iron-Guardists involved in the events of Târgu Mureş, in March 1990!)”, ibidem
5) „It was imposed to us consistently a real ideological dogma based on the propaganda myth of Iron-Guard «cruelty» (
... The Iron-Guard became, thus, the public image of all the evils of yesterday and today”8. „So much there were repeated these things, so much ink was used and so much passion was invested in this concerted disparagement so that for certain comfortable minds the problem is not worth being discussed any more9”10.
8 Răzvan Codrescu, In Search for the Lost Iron-Guard, Vremea Publishing House, Bucharest, 2001, pages 9, 10
9 „When it is uttered the name(
of the Iron-Guardist Movement, multora li se pare că ştiu totul dinainte…”, ibidem, page 10
6) „The history lies in asking questions to the past so that the answers should be lessons guiding the present and (
preparing the future”11.
11 Şerban Milcoveanu, Tactics and Strategy in questions with or without answer, TCM Print Printing House, Bucharest, 2001, page 61
7) „The nations are independent and sovereign as far as they have also a practical conclusive critical thinking”12.
12 ibidem, page 15
Therefore, I consider together with Răzvan Codrescu that „no right thought and no pure heart can avoid certain de-mystifying questions”13. Insomuch that in the slough of the present days that is worsening day by day to our Nation it is lacking in a worrying proportion the spiritual, cultural and political horizon necessary for the great historical renewals”14. Insomuch that, although to the „older Romanian history it was not lacking the great missionary consciousnesses headed by Eminescu15, (
never the missionary spirit penetrated so deep in the thought, feeling and act of a whole generation. As the Romanian «inter-war miracle» – as far as it existed one– lies especially in this creative flow coming from elites and spread up to the large mass of people. There were not in this generation only great creative personalities, crowded as it was in no other epoch in the history of the Romanian people but also a large «popular» front for struggle and national creation catalysed especially by the Iron-Guard youth”16. And the historiography in Romania „being still tributary(
to ideological censorship did not succeed, unfortunately, till now, in analyzing and assessing without prejudices the complex Iron-Guard phenomenon, unique not only in Romania but also, in certain respects, even in Europe17”18.
13 Răzvan Codrescu, In Search for the Lost Iron-Guard, page 107
14 ibidem, page 163
15 „father of the modern national ideology in our evolution” (Octavian Goga, Must that is fermenting, Scripta Publishing House, Bucharest, 1992, page 53) and „the most balanced political brain of the increasing Romania”., ibidem
16 Răzvan Codrescu, In Search for the Lost Iron-Guard, page 107
17 „Conclusion reached by several foreign analysts, among them it is also (
Armin Heinen, the author of the most comprehensive monograph dedicated till now to the Iron-Guard phenomenon: Die Legion «Erzangel Michael» in Rumänien. Soziale Bewegung und politische Organisation. Ein Beitrag zum Problem des internationalen Faschismus, Südosteuropäische Arbaiten, München, 1986 (558 pp.)”, ibidem, page 107
But I want to be well understood even from the very beginning: the natural and, more than any time, the necessary asking the de-mystifying questions must not at all mean to fall in the other part, in the exaggeration of the Iron-Guard, in denying even the possibility to have, as anything that is human, some imperfections. Hence, an investigating effort made honestly and piously, without any slightest resentment or preconceived idea. And still essentially, turning to any opinion or source met, regardless of the degree of its conformity with the «politically right» version on the phenomenon and of all that is connected to it; but even with the Iron-Guard one, when there is.
You have an intuition, perhaps, that endeavouring myself to see the things in this manner, I make a choice, necessarily, for an unconventional honour of the invitation I want to comply with. It means that I shall use it only as a pretext to «frolic» on much larger areas and to invite you to remote correlations between elements that apparently have no connection with the subject. Among others, I outline even an assumption, as far as I know, entirely original on the second world conflagration.
All of them preferring to talk about, especially, aspects tackled a little or even not at all in the searches the God gave me the privilege to have them under my eyes. Regardless of the fact if they are or not convenient to the Iron-Guard and/or to somebody else.
Saying in very few words, after the contact that I had with the Romanian nationalist writing, with the six personalities, that previously I mentioned that I have drawn up, with their own words, the political wills but not at all only with them: I consider that the Iron-Guard idea message, being contained basically in the writing of Codreanu, Moţa and Marin, is the summary of the four Holy Gospel, lived and avowed to martydrom, at least, by the three – thinkers and militants of the Christian Orthodoxy, the authentic Romanian spirit, implicitly.
Reason for which it is beyond me to believe those who want to credit theses as that of supporting the Guard-Iron by Hitler; of the fascism of the Iron Guard or of (serve you right!) its subordination to Moscow.
Furthermore, I do not exclude at all, at least, as working assumption, the possibility that the World War II itself should not have been but a huge, perverse and bloody bluff, a strategic stage for getting the so much proclaimed globalization, i.e. of the planetary unique state.
I have still in mind the words written on paper in 1945, secretly, by Constantin Rădulescu Motru in his secret diary: „The victory that the allied have in mind is against the nationalism but not against the industrialism or even against the German militarism. That is why Roosevelt in his speech that was going to be held if he did not die speaks about the good relations between nations and(
the same language is used by his successor Truman in the Congress of the United States. The same cause explains also the approaching between the United States and the Soviet Republics (
: the hate that both of them have against the nationalist ideology”19. And not accidentally „all our ministers compete one another to ignore the differences of ethnicity in appointment of positions and in measures of administrative and school legislation. In Moldavia there are preferred the Jews and in Transylvania the Hungarian. As for us, the real meaning of the word fascist is not another one than that of nationalist” 20.
19 Constantin Rădulescu Motru, Revisions and Additions, vol.III, Floarea Darurilor Publishing House, Bucharest, 1999, pages 169, 170
20 ibidem, page 170
But, N.B., only Romanian nationalist as, the same Constantin Rădulescu Motru continues his confession, „for the years that I have to live from now on the unabated reading that I used to before would be even for me a spring of everlasting anxiety and grief. (
There will be published in Romania only political writings of deep passion but of superficial thinkings. In journalism there will be prevailing the Jew brain-workers that have the ability to write about anything and, in fact, about nothing seriously. It will be continued the propaganda of the present day against the Hiltlerite racism and tyranny, artless pretexts for the Jewish people to hide under them for the eyes of the Romanian their real interests. The Romanian brain-workers(
, for the fear of censorship as the censorship will continue also after being concluded peace, (
will content themselves with banality. Especially the publications with philosophic content will refer only to being repeated the stereotypes preferred by the ruling party”21.
21 ibidem, page 37
But how could two political and economic systems so proclamatorily contradictory between them – the capitalism and the communism –, the two omnipotent world «superpowers», respectively, and even only to suggest to somebody an image of two arms apparently independent and opposite of the same over-potent but hardly visible brain?
This question worried me. I bored. And thus, in the spirit of fidelity to the scientific objectiveness, as I specified on the other occasion22, I cannot exclude the fact either that in the consistent dictionary of Jewish personalities written only by Jewish authors, translated into Romanian by a team led by a Jewish woman and published in the year 2001 at Hasefer Publishing House – Jewish Publishing House, Karl Marx is presented as a «descendant (both on the part of mother and of father as well) of a long genealogy of rabbis», and some of the leaders on the top of the Bolshevik coup d’etat and, at the same time, of the Soviet communist regime are also present.
22 In the interview that was taken to me by Mrs. Irina Airinei, Ph.D., editor for Radio Cultural Romania, on August 9, 2005, as regards the work Mihai Eminescu’s Political Will. Interview published under a brochure form in the same year in Cartea Universitară Publishing House in Bucharest.
At the same time, in the same spirit of scientific honesty I cannot neglect some elements, such as:
- Presence in the same dictionary of Jewish personalities of a comprehensive biographical heading dedicated to Rotschild bankers;
- Or inclusion in the impressive work Famous Freemasons (published in 1999 in Nemira Publishing House), of Hitler and Mussolini as well, in the context in which the comparative analysis of the two biographical collections emphasizes the presence, not at all rare in the world, at level of the upper Freemasonic leadership of some remarkable Jewish personalities.
Consequently, when hearing such news, is it unjustified from me not to contest but to show only a methodic circumspection, in the spirit of Descartes if you want, on the veridicity of the way in which the contemporary manuals of history and most of official mass-media shall comment, for instance, on crucial realities of the universal history such as the World War II, the capitalism and the communism?
Of course, my dear reader, I almost hear you already how, perfectly rightfully, you will ask me now amazingly:
«– Well, but this, Mr. Crişan, means that you consider the extraordinary assumption that Hitler, i.e. the person who ordered and led a genocide on the Jewish people was in fact a Jewish agent? Or this is really more than absurd!... Except only if you sustain that for Holocaust it is guilty completely somebody else or even neglect the existence of Holocaust.»
And your question is more than serious and more than essential to pretend, even in the conditions of the present penal legislation, that I did not hear it.
So I give you an answer. And, without denying neither the existence of genocide in mass on the Jewish people nor the role had by Hitler in its development I reproduce for you rightly and under inventory benefit some paragraphs that you will find them in the work: Protocols of Kogaion. Theses and assumptions written down and authenticated by Ion Coja in order to be understood and evaluated rightly the Romanian-Jewish Claims, including – as some of them call it – the «Holocaust in Romania».
Here they are:
„In the interested and as far as possible informed media on those occurred in those years there are theories and theses that connect even the development of the Holocaust to a Jewish complicity of some Jews, of some Jewish leaders, of some Jewish interests. It is excluded that the Jewish leaders nowadays not to know these theses that incriminate as most severely as possible. The public opinion waits for a definite and well-argued denial from the Jewish people, of those in question but whose duty is to do it by means of which to put an end to those speculations that give the Holocaust a more detestable dimension than the real one. Probably real !...
We have in view those who connect the development of the Holocaust to the racialist theories to which many Jewish leaders of conscience adhered to even before coming to ruling of the Nazism, theories according to which man must intervene for removal from life or from procreation of the human specimen with defects and biologically unsuccessfully. There is no nation that should have such human «wastes». The ghetto life brought about also the appearance of a large number of degenerated Jews, some «Jews of lower quality». The assumption presented by B.B.C. a few years ago and belonging to an English historian according to whom the Nazi concentration and extermination camps «selected» especially the Jews that did not correspond to some certain anthropometric parameters. The sign for being recognized these Jews of lower quality seems to be first of all the poverty, the impossibility to accede to a life standard as civilized as possible. Anyhow, it is well known the fact that, then, when Hitler asked the Jews to leave Germany not all Jews could or had where to go. It seems that the leaders of the Jewish community were those who decided, by lists submitted to German authorities, which of the Jews were to leave Germany being thus saved and which of the Jews remained in Germany in order to fill the extermination camps! Something similar happened also in Bassarabia. Little before the outbreak of the war tens of rich Jewish families left Bassarabia being informed on the fact that there are going to happen serious events, events uncontrolled by laws. Similarly as in these years, to leave for the saving Palestine was not accessible to all Jews in Romania and this was done accoridng to some criteria including the biological criteria: youth, physical and intellectual endowment, perfect health condition etc. (
Jewish oral sources accredits the idea that among Jews it is well known this terrible dimension of Holocaust! Only that the interdiction to comment publicly this stupefying possibility is absolute for the Jews.
As regards the assumption of the English historian , this one presented it under the form of a theatre play that the second day after premiere was forbidden by the British censorship, fact that had not happened for several centuries in England. In the motivation of intervention the censorship authorities said that they do not put in discussion the interpretation given to Holocaust on which only the specialists can say their opinion but they consider the sensibility of those who suffered in Holocaust and that the author’s thesis will hurt them too much. Unfortunately, not even up to the present day the specialists, first of all the Jewish specialists in the history of the Holocaust did not give an answer to the terrible accusations formulated by the English author whose text and whose arguments remained unknown, were taken out of the public circuit of information”23.
23 Ion Coja, Protocols of Kogaion. Theses and assumptions written down and authenticated by Ion Coja in order to be understood and rightly evaluated the Romanian-Jewish Claims including –as some of them call it the – «Holocaust in Romania», Vatra Românească Association, Ţara Noastră Publishing House, Bucharest, 2004, pages 13-15
And, in reply, you will tell me that from the said quotation it results not at all that Hitler would have been subordinated to the Jewish people but only that their leaders even if they had operated that terrible selection it is not excluded to have done against their will, this fact being in the described conditions the only possibility to save, at least, a part of the fellow countrymen.
And it would not be honest to hide from you that I also said to me the same. But, fortunately, I found a start of hope that I can break the deadlock – the following editorial explanation being at page 204 in mongraph Horia Nestorescu Bălceşti, The Romanian Masonic Order: „I did not publish although I had at my disposal the lists of the members of the pure Jewish lodges being in subordination of the Order B’nei B’rith (Sons of Alliance24), District IX Romania, of another type and structure than those from the obedience of the Romanian Masonic Order”25.
24 Alliance that is explained by Alexandru Şafran, as follows:
„God is revealed to Abraham, individually, in the Holy Land and orders him by miţva that will receive later on Sinai his torah confirmation to apply the natural «stamp», to write the physical «sign» of His alliance with him and with his posterity in his flesh. God prescribed circumcision of Abraham and his descendants in order to establish for ever not only the connection between Him , the Jewish patriarch, and his race, the future Israel, but also, at the same time, the connection between Him and the land of «pilgrimages» of Abraham, the future Ereţ-Israel”., Alexandru Şafran, The People of Israeland the Land of Israel. Israel, the heart of nations»; Ereţ-Israel, the soul of Universe, Lecture held in the Universities of Geneve, Amsterdam and Jyvaskyla (Finland), in Trinity College in Cambridge and in Sorbonne. Exposition presented in Paris at the European Rabbi Conference. In volume: Alexandru Şafran, Israel and Its Roots, Hasefer Publishng House, Buharest, 2002, pages 58, 59
„Ereţ-Israel, Land of Israel”.(ibidem, page 26) „Even before choosing Israel and choosing Ereţ-Israel, God proclaims that the whole land together with everyting included on it belongs to him”. (ibidem) „Israel is the man and the nation by excellence. Israel «is called man» as he is the vital principle of man; Israel is callled nation as it is the «heart of nations», according to specification of Zohar and Rabi Iehuda Halevi (sec. XII)”., ibidem, page 27
„God punishing Israel never retracts the right on the land that was given to it for ever by Him (
. As a matter of fact, Israel cannot give up Ereţ-Israel, as you do not give up a human commitment and a divine promise, it is not separated from a human inheritence and a divine gift”., ibidem, pages 31, 32
„Israel remains for ever the human owner of the Land that belongs to God and that He offered it to Its people”. (ibidem, page 32) „Ereţ-Israel lives in heart of Israel, as Ereţ-Israel is «his wife from youth». Ereţ-Israel did not change Israel for another people; Israel did not change Ereţ-Israel for another country. Israel and Ereţ-Israel remain, thus, inseparably united each other as they remain, both of them, united with God. But God did not change Its nation with another one”., ibidem, page 33
„Israel must identify itself with miţvot, with the divine commandments included in Tora”., ibidem, page 25
„Tora is the spiritual instrument of God for the Creation of world and miţvot is the practical instrument of man for perfecting the world”., ibidem
„Entire Tora, written and oral”.,ibidem, page 49
„The writtenTora entrusted us the secrets of its original language, the Hebrew as well as of the Hebrew people”., ibidem
„The oral Tora (
mirrors the mental structures specific to Israel and gets its complete application in Ereţ-Israel”., ibidem
„God offers Tora to anyone, provided that it is entirely accepted in its material-spiritual unity. But only Israel accepted it with this condition; he bound himself to apply it everywhere and to accomplish it in Ereţ-Israel”., ibidem, page 52
„The promulgation of Tora of God on Sinai breaks out really sin a, a hate of the peoples of the world against the people of God. The peoples of the earth do not forgive Israel for the fact to have accepted what they considered to be unacceptable”. (ibidem, pages 52, 53) „The peoples of the earth attack, thus, the People of God, the People of Tora, whose deep look inside annoys, whose persuasive voice troubles, whose presence irritates.
The peoples of the earth attacking Israel will attack, in fact, God, whose Tora they refused, whose sovereignty they rejected: «They hate Israel as they hate God». The peoples of the earth «raising against Israel, they raise against God». But they can perceive Him, they can touch Him only by Israel”., ibidem, page 53
I do not comment...
But, I continue the quotation:
„By fleshy alliance of circumcision and the spiritual alliance of Tora, God establishes the entire, total, and, at the same time, the material and the spiritual link between Israeli, the people of Israel and the country of Israel.
The alliance of circumcision is a miţva of Tora, «that is equivalent to all the other miţvot». That is why, notes Gaon of Vilna, miţva of circumcision is called merely brit, «alliance», as being added to the other six hundred and twelve miţvot (the numerical value of word brit is of 612) it completes number 613, the total number of miţvot of Tora.
The alliance of Tora is also global as Tora comprises all miţvot; but only miţva of «studying Tora» is equivalent to all the other miţvot”., ibidem, pages 59, 60
„«Alliance» that unites Israel to its God «is eternal», «it will be never broken», «it is not revocable»; it is an «alliace of salt»: salt does not change”., ibidem, page 65
„The confirmation of His indestructible attachment to Israel lies in fact that Israel lives: he cannot be broken down in spite of sufferances he endures. «Any weapon made against him will be forceless»”., ibidem, page 65
„Really, Israel lives, he does not change. Not only that he lives but also he does not change. He is always in his being, in his basic structure the same”.,ibidem, page 64
„Self-oblivion caused by oblivion of God, by Tora(
, draws the most severe sin, that commited by negligence”.(ibidem, page 70) „Notwithstanding, zikaron, the «memory» of Jew(
remains good; in his hidden inner side, it remains almost intact. It never becomes weak completely: it becomes weak only at periphery. Zikaron never betrays the Jew even if he is not careful. As, in fact, the jew neverforgets his God; he never forgets his Tora ; he never forgets his people, Israel; he never forgets the Lad, Ereţ-Israel”., ibidem, page 71
„As regards the dissapearance of Israel out of the world, this is excluded even because of «privilege» of physical «spreading» of the jewish people.
The Jewish popilation in a region can be destroyed; the Jew people can be expelled from a country but Israel could not be «annihilated», as God cannot be defeated”., ibidem, page 64
„«Elokei Israel», «God of Israel», become Meleh «King of Israel», Malhuto bacol maşala, «His Royalty Sa» will be imposed to everbody, first of all because of fear – maşala – that it will inspire, then, it will be accepted by everbody with joy: the King of Israel, recognized as «King of the entire earth» will rule then over everybody – «Va Timloh al col maasseha» – from the peak of the mountain of Sion”., ibidem, page 69
Mihai Eminescu – ”insane”, ”anti-semite”, ”xenophobe”, ”backward” (and, at the same time, „a great forerunner of the Romanian Iron Guard”(Constantin Papanace, MIHAI EMINESCU a great forerunner of the Romaian IRON GUARD, The First Edition, Armatolii Publishing House, Eternal Citadel (Cetatea Eterna), 1951, the first cover - „Nobody else except him is so near to the Iron Guard soul”., ibidem, page 16)): „The cosmopolitanism is a simulation and nothing else, it was ner a truth. The foreigners that have personal interests in Wallachia, e.g., will simulate always the cosmopolitanism as, stating their own feelings, they could endanger their individual interests ”., Mihai Eminescu, Manuscript From Meetings of the Young Romania Association, the Nationalists and the Cosmopolits , in Mihai Eminescu, Works, vol. IX, Critical edition founded by Perpessicius, Publishing House of Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 1980, page 457
What does not hamper them by anything that, because of tactic reasons, to present themselves as «Romanian»: „Who will make the list of especially higher clerks, pensioners, deputies, leaseholders of the public assets and [of the] private ones, in a word everything that represents the circulation and settlement of the general life of the country will notice easily that the key factors of the real rule fell into the hands of the foreigners. But this last element, this group (
is pretended to be Romanian? By all means it pretended to be as, otherwise, it would have not a pretext to rule”., Mihai Eminescu, «The Romanian» contracted the bad habit..., Time, July 29, 1881, in Mihai Eminescu, Works, vol. XII, Critical edition founded by Perpessicius, Publishing House of Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 1985, page 267
„People, nation is the complex of social classes of some people of the same ethnic origin. The great owner, the peasant, the merchant, the member of a guild are in the same way the people; none of them is mor or less people than each of them”., Mihai Eminescu, A Romanian Ash Pan..., Time, April 8, 1879, in Mihai Eminescu, Works, vol. X, Critical edition founded by Perpessicius, Publishing House of Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 1989, page 215
25 Horia Nestorescu Bălceşti, The Romanian Masonry Order. Less Legend and More Truth, with a Foreword by Mihail Sadoveanu, Şansa S.R.L. House of Press and Publishing House, Bucharest, 1993, page 204