David Hume (April 26, 1711 – August 25, 1776) was an 18th-century Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian, considered among the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment.
He first gained recognition and respect as a historian, but interest in Hume's work in academia has in recent years centred on his philosophical writing. His History of England was the standard work on English history for sixty or seventy years until Macaulay's.
Hume was the first great philosopher of the modern era to carve out a thoroughly naturalistic philosophy. This philosophy partly consisted in the rejection of the historically prevalent conception of human minds as being miniature versions of the Divine mind; a notion Edward Craig has entitled the ‘Image of God’ doctrine. This doctrine was associated with a trust in the powers of human reason and insight into reality, which powers possessed God’s certification. Hume’s scepticism came in his rejection of this ‘insight ideal’, and the (usually rationalistic) confidence derived from it that the world is as we represent it. Instead, the best we can do is to apply the best explanatory and empirical principles available to the investigation of human mental phenomena, issuing in a quasi-Newtonian project, Hume's ‘Science of Man’.
Hume was heavily influenced by empiricists John Locke and George Berkeley, along with various Francophone writers such as Pierre Bayle, and various figures on the Anglophone intellectual landscape such as Isaac Newton, Samuel Clarke, Francis Hutcheson, Adam Smith, and Joseph Butler.
The intensity of developing this philosophical vision precipitated a psychological crisis in the isolated scholar. Believing that “a more active scene of life” might improve his condition, Hume made “a very feeble trial” in the world of commerce, as a clerk for a Bristol sugar importer. The crisis passed and he remained intent on articulating his “new scene of thought.” He moved to France, where he could live frugally, and finally settled in La Flèche, a sleepy village in Anjou best known for its Jesuit college. Here, where Descartes and Mersenne studied a century before, Hume read French and other continental authors, especially Malebranche, Dubos, and Bayle; he occasionally baited the Jesuits with iconoclastic arguments; and, between 1734 and 1737, he drafted A Treatise of Human Nature.
The careers open to a poor Scottish gentleman in those days were very few. As Hume's options lay between a travelling tutorship and a stool in a merchant's office, he chose the latter. In 1734, after a few months in commerce in Bristol, he went to La Flèche in Anjou, France. He had frequent discourses with the Jesuits of the famous college in which Descartes was educated. During his four years there, he laid out his life plan, resolving "to make a very rigid frugality supply my deficiency of fortune, to maintain unimpaired my independency, and to regard every object as contemptible except the improvements of my talents in literature."  While there, he completed A Treatise of Human Nature at the age of twenty-six. Although many scholars today consider the Treatise to be Hume's most important work and one of the most important books in the history of philosophy, the public in Great Britain did not agree at first. Hume himself described the (lack of) public reaction to the publication of the Treatise in 1739-40 by writing that it "fell dead-born from the press, without reaching such distinction as even to excite a murmur among the zealots. But being naturally of a cheerful and sanguine temper, I soon recovered from the blow and prosecuted with great ardour my studies in the country". There he wrote the Abstract.  Without revealing his authorship, he aimed to make his larger work more intelligible by shortening it. Even this advertisement failed to enliven interest in the Treatise. 
Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubbers or Ruud Lubbers (born May 7, 1939) was prime minister of the Netherlands from 1982 – 1994. A political conservative, Lubbers was regarded by many during his time in office as an ideological heir to Margaret Thatcher; one of his campaign slogans was: "meer markt, minder overheid" (more market, less government). After that, he was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, from 2001 until February 20, 2005, when he resigned because of continuous press attention about an allegation of sexual harassment. In July 2006, Lubbers acted as informateur of a new cabinet, after the second Balkenende cabinet handed over its resignation to the Dutch Queen.
Lubbers was born in Rotterdam. He studied economics at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and was a student of the first Nobel Prize Laureate in economics Jan Tinbergen. As suggested by the title of his 1962 thesis - "The influence of differing productivity trends in various countries on the current account of the balance of payments" - his main interest was in monetary affairs. He originally planned an academic career, but was compelled by family circumstances to join the management of Lubbers' Construction Workshops and Machinery Fabricators Hollandia B.V.
Ruud Lubbers werd geboren te Rotterdam in een ondernemersgezin. Hij volgde de middelbare school bij de Jezuïeten aan het Canisiuscollege te Nijmegen en studeerde vervolgens economie in Rotterdam.(1) Zijn vader gaf leiding aan Hollandia, constructiewerkplaats en Machinefabriek in Krimpen aan de IJssel, waarvan hij door een management buy-out eigenaar werd. Toen Lubbers senior in 1963 plotseling stierf, namen zijn zonen Rob en Ruud de leiding van de zaak over.
Ruud Lubbers was lid van de Katholieke Studentenvereniging Sanctus Laurentius en werd voorzitter van de toenmalige Unie van Katholieke Studentenverenigingen in Nederland.(2)
(1) He [Ruud Lubbers] attended the Jesuit Canisius College in Nijmegen (Nhy-may-gen) and proceeded to study Economy in Rotterdam.
(2) Ruud Lubbers was a member of the Catholic Fraternity Sanctus Laurentius and became chairman of the then existing Union of Catholic Fraternities of the Netherlands.
Rudolphus (Ruud) Franciscus Marie Lubbers (born 7 May 1939 in Rotterdam) visited the Canisius College in Nijmegen and studied Economics at the Netherlands School of Economics (the predecessor of Erasmus University Rotterdam). As suggested by the title of his 1962 thesis - "The influence of differing productivity trends in various countries on the current account of the balance of payments" - his main interest was in monetary affairs. He originally planned an academic career, but was compelled by family circumstances to join the management of Lubbers' Construction Workshops and Machinery Fabricators Hollandia B.V.
Peter Lynch (born January 19, 1944) is a Wall Street stock investor. He is currently a research consultant at Fidelity Investments. Lynch graduated from Boston College and studied finance at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
Lynch graduated from Boston College in 1965 with a degree in finance. He served two years in the military before attending and graduating from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania with a Master of Business Administration in 1968.
He went to work for Fidelity Investments as an investment analyst, eventually becoming the firm's director of research, a position he held from 1974 to 1977. Lynch was named manager of the little known Magellan Fund in 1977 and achieved historic portfolio results in the ensuing years until his retirement in 1990.
In 2007, Peter Lynch was serving as vice-chairman of Fidelity's investment adviser, Fidelity Management & Research Co. Since his retirement, he has been an active participant in a variety of philanthropic endeavors.
Peter Lynch, '65, is perhaps the nation's most successful and best-known mutual fund manager. He is a member of the board of trustees of the Fidelity Group of Funds and vice-chairman of Fidelity Management Group.
Under his oversight, Fidelity's Magellan Fund became the largest equity fund in the world, growing from $200 million to more than $14 billion in just 13 years.
Mr. Lynch is a member of the University Board of Trustees and serves on its Investment and Endowment Committee. He is chair emeritus of the Boston College Wall Street Council and an honorary chair of the University's Ever to Excel campaign.
Mr. Lynch has received many honors, including the Mother Seton Award, the Interfaith Relations Award, and 14 honorary degrees, including from his alma mater in 1995. He was chairman of the Inner City Scholarship Fund of the Archdiocese of Boston and is president of the Catholic Schools Foundation.
2-17-99) -- Boston College's School of Education will be named the Peter S. and Carolyn A. Lynch School of Education in recognition of the couple's endowment gift of more than $10 million, the largest individual gift ever made to Boston College.
Hon. Antonin Gregory Scalia (help·info),AB, JD, (born March 11, 1936) is an American jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Widely regarded as the intellectual anchor of the Court's conservative wing, he is a vigorous proponent of textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation, and a passionate critic of the idea of a Living Constitution. Unlike his more ardent states' rights conservative colleague, Clarence Thomas, Justice Scalia does have a favorable view of national power and a strong executive. In this sense, he can be called a Hamiltonian.
Antonin Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey. His mother, Catherine Panaro, was born in the United States; his father, S. Eugene, a professor of romance languages, emigrated from Sicily at age 15. When Scalia was five years old, his family moved to the Elmhurst section of Queens, New York City, during which time his father worked at Brooklyn College in Flatbush, Brooklyn.
A member of the Roman Catholic Church, Scalia attended the prestigious Xavier High School, a Catholic and Jesuit school in Manhattan. He graduated first in his class and summa cum laude with an A.B. from Georgetown College at Georgetown University in 1957. While at Georgetown, he also studied at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland and went on to study law at Harvard Law School (where he was a Notes Editor for the Harvard Law Review). He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard Law in 1960, becoming a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University the following year. The fellowship allowed him to travel throughout Europe during 1960–1961.
On September 10, 1960, Scalia married Maureen McCarthy, an English major at Radcliffe College. Together they have nine children – Ann Forrest (born September 2, 1961), Eugene (labor attorney, former Solicitor of the Department of Labor), John Francis, Catherine Elisabeth, Mary Clare, Paul David (now a priest in the Catholic Diocese of Arlington at St. Rita's Catholic Church), Matthew (a West Point graduate and U.S. Army Major currently serving as an ROTC instructor at the University of Delaware), Christopher James (currently a professor at the University of Virginia's College at Wise), and Margaret Jane (studying at the University of Virginia. Her dog, Buster, was the inspiration for Blacksburg Brewing Company's "Dog-Licker Pumpkin Ale").
Scalia attended Xavier High School, a Catholic and Jesuit school in Manhattan. He graduated first in his class and summa cum laude with an A.B. from Georgetown University in 1957. While at Georgetown, he also studied at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland and went on to study law at Harvard Law School (where he was a Notes Editor for the Harvard Law Review). He graduated from Harvard in 1960, becoming a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University the following year. The fellowship allowed him to travel throughout Europe during 1960-1961.
Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia (Georgetown College ’57) broke with a significant precedent that has characterized his tenure on the Court. Justice Scalia agreed not only to allow C-SPAN to broadcast his keynote address at the American Enterprise Institute’s “Outsourcing American Law” event (which can also be viewed online using RealPlayer), but went so far as to allow members of the audience to ask questions.
William James "Bill" Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy-winning American comedian and actor.
He first gained national exposure on Saturday Night Live, following that with roles in films such as Stripes, Groundhog Day, Space Jam, Caddyshack, Ghostbusters and Rushmore. He has gained acclaim[attribution needed] for recent dramatic roles, in films such as Lost in Translation, Broken Flowers, The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou and The Royal Tenenbaums.
Education : Loyola Academy in Wilmette, Illinois
Regis College in Denver, Colorado
Bill is the fifth of nine children born to Edward and Lucille Murray. He worked as caddies, which paid his tuition to Loyola Academy, an all-boy's Jesuit school. He played sports and did some acting while in that school. He enrolled at Regis College in Denver to study pre-med, but dropped out after being arrested for marijuana possession. He then joined the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live in the show's second season, and shortly thereafter won an Emmy Award as one of the show's writers.
The President’s Reception, featuring remarks by Father Michael J. Sheeran, S.J., and a special honorary degree presentation to Murray, who withdrew before he graduated with the Class of 1972, kicked off an evening of crowd-pleasing Friday evening activities. After welcoming alumni back to their campus, Father Sheeran touched on a number of topics, including the status of various facilities, the Jesuit Mission Endowment and his future role toward ensuring the Jesuit Catholic future of Regis University.
“Now I get to do something I’ve looked forward to for a long time,” Father Sheeran said. “Just after Ghostbusters and Caddyshack and around the time of Groundhog Day, I read an interview with Bill Murray. The reporter got him to reflect on how his humor was more and more a vehicle that introduced the viewer to thinking about the deeper questions of meaning in life. Bill commented that he’d had a Jesuit high school education at Loyola Academy near Chicago and had started with the Jesuits at Regis in 1968. He hadn’t finished the Regis degree, but he had picked up a vantage point, a philosophical turn of mind that
was his Jesuit heritage.”
“Bill’s comments have helped me enjoy his films and get glimmers at least of the man behind the mask that every comic wears,” he continued. “I kid sometimes that the real motto of all Jesuit schools is, ‘We warp you right.’ Bill’s films and his good works have illustrated the depth of his values and his vision. And his return to Regis every five years for the reunion of his Class of 1972 has made a statement about his loyalty to his friends and his roots. So the Board of Trustees would like to make Bill’s status as an alumnus a bit more official by presenting him with the degree, Doctor of Humanities, Honoris Causa.” As he stepped to the podium and thanked Father Sheeran, it was obvious Murray was thrilled. “I met the nicest and finest people here,” Murray said about his days at Regis. “It’s a wonderful place.” (See Page 14 for a feature on Bill Murray.)
Murray achieves official alumnus status
When Bill Murray accepted his honorary degree from Father Michael J. Sheeran, S.J., during Alumni Weekend, the man who claims to be a person of few words left the audience in stitches. Commenting that he would show it off proudly and remarking about his fantastic experiences while at Regis College during the late ’60s, the Hollywood funnyman best known for his appearances in Caddy Shack, Ghostbusters and Lost in Translation, had mixed emotions about finally getting his diploma.
“I have a big smile on my face and I feel really good inside,” he says. “I was not expecting this to happen. I know someone has spoken about it but I thought it was just talk. I was surprised it happened at the reunion because I was just going to sit here and hang out with my friends.” Murray did confess that he seriously has considered going back to school and even mentioned how a friend told him about online classes. He
joked to the audience that his decision to return to classes was “not a matter of intelligence but a matter of application.”
As for his plans to return now that he has a doctor of humanities, honoris causa, and as Father Sheeran put it, “your status as alumnus is official,” he says he is still unsure.
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 – April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. He directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades, from the silent film era, through the invention of talkies, to the colour era. Hitchcock was among the most consistently successful and publicly recognizable world directors during his lifetime, and remains one of the best known and most popular of all time.
Famous for his expert and largely unrivalled control of pace and suspense, Hitchcock's films draw heavily on both fear and fantasy, and are known for their droll humour and witticisms. They often portray innocent people caught up in circumstances beyond their control or understanding.
Hitchcock was born and raised in Leytonstone, London, England. He began his directing career in the United Kingdom in 1922, but from 1939 he worked primarily in the United States and applied for U.S. citizenship in 1956. Hitchcock and his family owned a mountaintop estate known as Cornwall Ranch or "Heart o' the Mountain" at the end of Canham Road, high above Scotts Valley, California, from 1940 to 1972. They bought a second home in late 1942 at 10957 Bellagio Road in Los Angeles, just across from the Bel Air Country Club. Hitchcock died of renal failure in 1980.
Rebecca was the only one of his films to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, although four others were nominated. However, Hitchcock never won an Academy Award for Best Director. He was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for lifetime achievement in 1967, but never personally received an Academy Award of Merit.
Childhood and youth
Alfred Hitchcock was born on August 13, 1899, in Leytonstone, Essex (now London), the second son and youngest of three children of William Hitchcock (1862-1914), a greengrocer and poulterer, and his wife, Emma Jane Hitchcock (née Whelan; 1863-1942). His family was mostly Roman Catholic, being of Irish extraction. Hitchcock was sent to the Jesuit Classic school St. Ignatius College in Enfield, London. He often described his childhood as being very lonely and sheltered, which was undoubtedly compounded by his weight issues.
It is widely known that as a child, Hitchcock's father once sent him to their local police station with a note asking the officer to lock him away for ten minutes as punishment for behaving badly. This idea of being harshly treated or wrongfully accused is more than commonly reflected in Hitchcock's films.
His mother would often make him address her while standing at the foot of her bed, especially if he behaved badly, forcing him to stand there for hours. This would be recalled by the character Norman Bates in Psycho.
When Hitchcock was 14, his father died; the same year, he left the Jesuit-run St Ignatius' College in Stamford Hill, his school at the time, to study at the School for Engineering and Navigation. After graduating, he became a draftsman and advertising designer with a cable company.
About that time, Hitchcock became intrigued by photography and started working in film in London. In 1920, he got a full-time job at Islington Studios with its American owner, Famous Players-Lasky and their British successor, Gainsborough Pictures, designing the titles for silent movies.
St Ignatius' College is a Catholic secondary school for boys, aged 11-18, located in Enfield, Middlesex. Formerly a grammar school, only accepting boys who had passed their 11-plus exam, its educational philosophy was originally based upon the Jesuit precept of Ignatius of Loyola:
Alfred Hitchcock was the son of East End greengrocer William Hitchcock and his wife Emma. Raised as a strict Catholic and attending Saint Ignatius College, a school run by Jesuits, Hitch had very much of a regular upbringing.
The son of a London poultry dealer, Hitchcock attended St. Ignatius College, London, and the University of London, where he studied engineering. In 1920 he began to work in the motion-picture industry,...
Sir John Paul Getty KBE (September 7, 1932 – April 17, 2003) was a wealthy American-born British philanthropist and book-collector. He was the son of Jean Paul Getty, Sr. (1892-1976), one of the richest men in the world at the time, and his wife Anne Rork.
The family's wealth was the result of the oil business founded by George Franklin Getty. At birth he was given the name Eugene Paul Getty, but in later life he adopted, and was better known by, the names Paul Getty, John Paul Getty and Jean Paul Getty, Jr.
His father expected him to prove himself: his first job was pumping gas for $100 a month. He attended Saint Ignatius High School and the University of San Francisco, but he did not graduate from college. He was drafted into the U.S. Army to serve in Korea.
His first marriage was to Gail Harris, a former water-polo champion. They divorced in 1966 or 1967, having had four children including John Paul Getty III and Mark Getty. He subsequently married the Dutch actress, model and style icon Talitha Pol (stepdaughter of Augustus John's daughter Poppet). She died of a heroin overdose in 1971; by her, he had another son Tara Gabriel Getty in 1968. A long-time Anglophile , he became a British citizen in 1997. In 1986, he was awarded an honorary knighthood for services to causes ranging from cricket (a sport he came to love despite his American upbringing), to art, to the Conservative Party. His honorary knighthood was converted to the full honour in 1998.
Vicente Fox Quesada (born July 2, 1942) was the President of Mexico from 2000 to 2006. He is currently Co-President (with Pier Ferdinando Casini) of the Centrist Democratic International, an international organization of Christian Democratic political parties (which includes Mexico's National Action Party as a member). 
Fox was elected President of Mexico in the 2000 presidential election, an historically significant election that made him the first president elected from an opposition party since Álvaro Obregón in 1920. The 2000 election was also significant because it was the first presidential election since the end of the Mexican Revolution to be generally considered competitive and fair. He was elected with 42 percent of the vote, marking the first time that the then-dominant Institutional Revolutionary Party had lost a presidential election.
After serving as president of Mexico for six years, President Fox returned to his home state of Guanajuato, where he resides with his wife and family. Since leaving the presidency, Vicente Fox has been involved in public speaking and the construction of the Fox Center, Mexico's first presidential library.
Early life and education
Vicente Fox was born in Mexico City on July 2, 1942, the second of nine children. His father was José Luis Fox Pont, an American citizen and his mother was Mercedes Quesada Etxaide, a Basque immigrant from Donostia-San Sebastián. His paternal grandfather, José Luis Fox Flach, was born Joseph Louis Fuchs in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, son of German Catholic immigrants Louis Fuchs and Catherina Elisabetha Flach.
It was believed that Vicente Fox's grandfather was of Irish descent, but the Cincinnati Federal Census records (1850, 1860) show that he was of German descent. The Fuchs ('fox' in German) family changed the spelling of their last name to Fox after 1870. In 1890, Joseph L. Fox worked as a shipping clerk for Emerson & Fisher, the carriage makers. Given the company's failure, and Cincinnati's economic stagnation, Joseph emigrated in 1898 to the nearest region that welcomed Catholic immigrants, Mexico, and changed the spelling of his name to José Luis Fox Flach. In 1915 he purchased a ranch in San Francisco del Rincón in Guanajuato, since then the Fox family seat.
Fox spent his childhood and adolescence at the family ranch. He moved back to Mexico City to attend the Universidad Iberoamericana where he pursued a business degree until 1964 and obtained a diploma in Top Management Skills from the Business School of Harvard University.
Joseph Edward Schmitz is an American lawyer, former Inspector General of the Department of Defense and executive with Blackwater USA, a private contractor providing security services to the U.S. State Department and the U.S. military.
Joseph Edward Schmitz is the son of the John G. Schmitz, former California State Senator, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and U.S. Presidential candidate (1972). Schmitz attended Catholic schools as a child and Georgetown Preparatory School while his father served in Congress. He holds a B.S. (1978) from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland and a J.D. (1986) from Stanford University. He was on the wrestling team at the Naval Academy. His siblings include Mary Kay Letourneau and John Patrick Schmitz.
Upon graduation from the Naval Academy, Schmitz served in the U.S. Navy for approximately four years, including a stint as an exchange officer with the German Navy. Schmitz left active duty and was in the Naval Reserve until 2001. After leaving active duty, Schmitz attended law school. He clerked with James L. Buckley, Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and was a special assistant to Attorney General Edwin Meese III during the Reagan Administration. Schmitz entered the private sector in 1987, eventually joining the Washington, D.C., firm of Patton Boggs LLP. He was an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University in the 1990s.
He is a member of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
Georgetown Preparatory School is an independent, Jesuit college-preparatory school for young men in grades 9 through 12. It is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington, on 90 acres in the unincorporated community of North Bethesda in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, just outside the District of Columbia.
The school was founded in 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, S.J., the first Catholic Bishop of the United States. The school is Americaâ€™s oldest boarding and day school for young men, and the only Jesuit boarding school in the country. Approximately 100 of the schoolâ€™s 450 students are residents.
Georgetown Prep is one of the most exclusive prep schools in the United States. The average senior has taken 4.5 advanced placement courses with 80 percent of the test scores qualifying for college credit. Prep is regarded as one of the most rigorous and prestigious high schools in the country. Since its founding, the school has maintained an impeccable reputation, and for the last 63 years has been ranked among the top 10 high schools and college preparatories in the U.S. The average SAT score of a graduate is 1600 (800 verbal, 800 math) under the old scoring system. The school accepts fewer than 2 percent of all freshmn applicants. For the 2007/2008 academic year, Day Student tuition is US$22,650, while Resident tuition is $39,650.
John George Schmitz (August 12, 1930 – January 10, 2001) was a conservative Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Orange County, California, prominent member of the John Birch Society, and the American Independent Party candidate for President of the United States in 1972.
Schmitz is notable for his far right-wing sympathies. He was found third the most right-wing member of Congress since World War II, and was expelled from the John Birch Society for "extremism".
Schmitz was born in Milwaukee. He obtained his B.S. degree from Marquette University in Milwaukee in 1952 and an M.A. from California State University, Long Beach in 1960. He served as a United States Marine Corps jet fighter and helicopter pilot from 1952 to 1960, and was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Marine Corps Reserve from 1960 to 1983.
SCHMITZ, John George, a Representative from California; born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August 12, 1930; graduated from Marquette University High School, 1948; B.S., Marquette University, 1952; M.A., California State College at Long Beach, 1960;