Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (listen (help·info)) (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II and later founded the French Fifth Republic and served as its first President. In France, he is commonly referred to as Général de Gaulle or simply Le Général.
Prior to World War II, de Gaulle was a tactician of armoured warfare and advocate of military aviation. During the war, he reached the rank of Brigadier General and organised the Free French Forces with exiled French officers in England. He gave a famous radio address in 1940, exhorting the French people to resist Nazi Germany. Following the liberation of France in 1944, de Gaulle became prime minister in the French Provisional Government. Although he retired from politics in 1946 due to political conflicts, he was returned to power with military support following the May 1958 crisis. De Gaulle led the writing of a new constitution founding the Fifth Republic, and was elected the President of France.
As president, Charles de Gaulle ended the political chaos and violence that preceded his return to power. Although he initially supported French rule over Algeria, he controversially decided to grant independence to Algeria, ending an expensive and unpopular war. A new currency was issued to control inflation and industrial growth was promoted. De Gaulle oversaw the development of atomic weapons and promoted a pan-European foreign policy, seeking to diminish U.S. and British influence; withdrawing France from the NATO military command, he objected to Britain’s entry into the European Community and recognised Communist China. During his term, de Gaulle also faced controversy and political opposition from Communists and Socialists, and a spate of widespread protests in May 1968. De Gaulle retired in 1969, but remains the most influential leader in modern French history.
De Gaulle was born in Lille, the third of five children of Henri de Gaulle, a professor of philosophy and literature at a Jesuit college, who eventually founded his own school. He was raised in a family of devout Roman Catholics who were nationalist and traditionalist, but also quite progressive.
De Gaulle's father, Henri, came from a long line of aristocracy from Normandy and Burgundy, while his mother, Jeanne Maillot, descended from a family of rich entrepreneurs from the industrial region of Lille in French Flanders. The “de” in “de Gaulle” is not a nobiliary particle, although the de Gaulle family were an ancient family of ennobled knighthood. The earliest known de Gaulle ancestor was a squire of the 12th-century King Philip Augustus. The name “de Gaulle” is thought to have evolved from a Germanic form, “De Walle”, meaning “the wall (of a fortification or city)”, “the rampart”. Much of the old French nobility descended from Frankish and Norman Germanic lineages and often bore Germanic names.
De Gaulle was educated in Paris at the College Stanislas and also briefly in Belgium. Since childhood, he had a displayed a keen interest in reading and studying history.. Choosing a military career, de Gaulle spent four years studying and training at the elite Saint-Cyr. Graduating in 1912, he joined an infantry regiment of the French Army.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was born in 1890 in Lille in northern France, the son of a teacher. He chose not to follow his father’s profession but to become a soldier instead. In 1908, after a year’s preparation at the Collége Stanislas in Paris, he entered the French military academy, the Ecole Spéciale Militaire de St Cyr.
Peter Pace (born November 5, 1945 in Brooklyn, New York) was the 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the first Marine appointed to the United States' highest-ranking military office. Appointed by President George W. Bush, Pace succeeded U.S. Air Force General Richard Myers on September 30, 2005.
Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced on June 8, 2007, that he would advise the President not to renominate Pace for a second term. Pace stepped down as Chairman on October 1, 2007. He was replaced by Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Michael Mullen.
Pace resides in Brooklyn, New York to Italian-American parents, and raised in Teaneck, New Jersey, graduating from Teaneck High School in 1963. He received his commission in June 1967, following graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy. He also holds a Master of Business Administration from George Washington University. He is married and has a son, Peter, and a daughter, Tiffany. Peter Pace, Junior, is currently a Captain in the Marine Corps Reserve. Pace is Roman Catholic. He is not the son of the former Secretary of the Army, Frank Pace.
* In April 2006, the John Carroll Society honored him with the John Carroll Medal.
* In October 2006, Georgetown University honors General Pace with its President's Medal.
General Peter Pace (Left) is the current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the first U.S. Marine appointed to this position. In this capacity he serves as America's highest ranking military officer below the President. http://www.spirituallysmart.com/redmasspics.html
Both Pictures are at the Red Mass. Here he is greeting the Supreme Court Chief Justice. He (Peter Pace) is a 1992 graduate of the Georgetown Leadership Seminar of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. http://www.spirituallysmart.com/redmasspics.html
I’m proud of my association with the Georgetown Leadership Seminar — a superb forum for building friendships and promoting dialogue between countries around the world. As a participant in 1992, and more recently, as a speaker in 2003 and 2004, I continue to benefit and learn from the tremendous networking that develops there.”
General Peter Pace, USMC
Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
U.S. Department of Defense
General David Howell Petraeus, USA (born November 7, 1952) is the current Commanding General, Multi-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I). This special four-star post oversees all U.S. forces in the country. He was confirmed to that position by the Senate in a vote of 81–0 on January 26, 2007. He replaced General George Casey who was subsequently confirmed as Chief of Staff of the United States Army. In his new position, Petraeus oversees all coalition forces in Iraq and carries out the new Iraqi strategy plan outlined by the Bush administration. Casey relinquished command in Iraq to Petraeus on February 10, 2007. The change of command was presided over by General John Abizaid, then commander of United States Central Command.
Time named Petraeus 33rd out of the 100 most influential leaders and revolutionaries of 2007..The Daily Telegraph has named him the second most influential American conservative. Petraeus was the General George C. Marshall Award winner as the top graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College—class of 1983. He subsequently earned a Master of Public Administration (1985) and a Ph.D. (1987) in International Relations from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. He later served as Assistant Professor of International Relations at the U.S. Military Academy, and also completed a fellowship at Georgetown University. He has a BS from the U.S. Military Academy—class of 1974.
Some media have speculated that Petraeus may harbor presidential ambitions, although many others deny this. Critics have cited the theory as one possible reason for his staunch support of "surge" strategy in Iraq. ,
Education and academia
Petraeus graduated from West Point in 1974. He returned to the military academy in 1981, earning the General George C. Marshall Award as the top graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Class of 1983 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He subsequently earned a MPA in 1985 and a Ph.D. in international relations in 1987 from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, and later served as an Assistant Professor of International Relations at the U.S. Military Academy. His doctoral dissertation, "The American Military and the Lessons of Vietnam: A Study of Military Influence and the Use of Force in the Post-Vietnam Era," dealt with the influence of the Vietnam War on military thinking regarding the use of force. He also completed a military fellowship at Georgetown's School of Foreign Service in 1994–1995, although he was called away early to serve in Haiti.
General James Logan Jones, Jr., USMC, (born December 19, 1943) is the former Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) (2003-2006) and the Commander of the United States European Command (COMUSEUCOM) (2003-2006). From July 1999 to January 2003, General Jones was the 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps.
As SACEUR, Jones led the Allied Command Operations (ACO), comprising NATO’s military forces in Europe, from the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Mons, Belgium, General Jones relinquished command as SACEUR on December 7, 2006, and was succeeded by U.S. Army General John Craddock.  Jones retired from the United States Marine Corps on February 1, 2007 after 40 years of service. 
Jones was born in Kansas City, Missouri. Having spent his formative years in France, he returned to the United States to attend the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, from which he received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1966. He played on the basketball team, while at Georgetown. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in January 1967.
General George William Casey, Jr., USA (born July 21, 1948) is the 36th and current Chief of Staff of the United States Army. General Casey previously served as Commanding General, Multi-National Force - Iraq from June 2004 to February 8, 2007. He assumed his current assignment on April 10, 2007.
General Casey was born in 1948, in Sendai, Japan. His father, George William Casey, was a West Point graduate who rose to the rank of Major General and served in three wars (the Second World War, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War). His father commanded the 1st Cavalry Division in Vietnam and was killed on July 7, 1970 when his command helicopter crashed in South Vietnam enroute to a hospital to visit wounded U.S. soldiers.
General Casey grew up south of Boston, Massachusetts, in Scituate, Mass. and attended Boston College High School in Dorchester. After high school, he earned his bachelor of science in International Relations from Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and received a master of the arts from the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver. He was commissioned through Army ROTC in 1970 following graduation from Georgetown.
He attended Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service at the height of the Vietnam War in the late 1960's, and figured if he had to go to Southeast Asia, it would be better to go as an officer, Mrs. Casey said. So he joined the campus' R.O.T.C. program.
MIKE STENSON (Executive Producer) is president of Jerry Bruckheimer Films for which he supervises all aspects of film development and production. Before joining the company, he was an executive in charge of production at Disney, responsible for many Bruckheimer films including “Armageddon,” “The Rock,” “Crimson Tide” and “Dangerous Minds.” More recently, Stenson served as a producer on “Bad Company” and “Gone in 60 Seconds” and as an executive producer on “Glory Road,” “National Treasure,” “King Arthur,” “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl,” “Bad Boys 2,” “Veronica Guerin,” “Kangaroo Jack,” “Black Hawk Down,” “Pearl Harbor,” “Coyote Ugly,” “Remember the Titans,” “Déjà Vu” and “National Treasure: Book of Secrets.” Born and raised in Boston, Stenson graduated from Harvard University with a bachelor’s degree in economics and a master of business administration.
After his undergraduate stint, he started as a production assistant in New York and worked for two years in independent film and television as an assistant director and production manager before returning to Boston to complete his graduate education.
After completing business school, Stenson moved to Los Angeles where he began his tenure at Walt Disney Studios in Special Projects for two years before moving into the production department at Hollywood Pictures as a creative executive. He was promoted to vice president and subsequently executive vice president during his eight years with the company, overseeing development and production for Hollywood Pictures as well as Touchstone Pictures.
In addition to the many Bruckheimer films, Stenson also developed several other films and nurtured them through production including “Rush Hour,” “Instinct,” “Six Days, Seven Nights” and “Mr. Holland’s Opus.” While at Disney, many filmmakers attempted to woo Stenson away from the studio, but not until 1998 did he entertain leaving. With his newest position at the helm of Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Stenson spearheaded Bruckheimer’s plan to expand the company’s film production schedule.
MIKE STENSON is president of Jerry Bruckheimer Films, for which he supervises all aspects of film and television development and production. Before joining the company, he was an executive in charge of production at Disney, responsible for many Bruckheimer films including Armageddon, The Rock, Crimson Tide and Dangerous Minds.
Born and raised in Boston, Stenson graduated from Harvard University with a bachelors degree in economics and a master of business administration. After his undergraduate stint, he became a production assistant in New York and worked for two years in independent film before returning to Boston to complete his graduate education.
After completing business school, Stenson moved to Los Angeles where he began his tenure at Buena Vista working as director of special projects for two years before moving into the production department at Hollywood Pictures as a creative executive. He was promoted to vice president and subsequently executive vice president during his eight years with the company, overseeing development and production for Hollywood Pictures as well as for Touchstone Pictures.
Throughout his tenure with Disney, many filmmakers attempted to woo Stenson away from the studio, but not until last year did he entertain leaving. With his newest position at the helm of Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Stenson is spearheading Mr. Bruckheimer’s plan to expand the company’s production schedule of film and television projects.
John V. Murphy was appointed President of OppenheimerFunds, Inc., (OFI) in August 2000 and Chairman and Chief Executive Officer on June 30, 2001, and serves as president of all Oppenheimer funds. Additionally, he is President and a board member of Oppenheimer Acquisition Corp., the parent company of OFI, which is owned by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company and other senior management.
John V. Murphy is Chairman of the Institute. He is also Chairman and CEO of OppenheimerFunds, Inc (OFI), which he joined as President and Chief Operating Officer in August 2000. Mr. Murphy serves as president of all Oppenheimer mutual funds. Prior to joining OppenheimerFunds, he led various businesses for the MassMutual Financial Group, including its 401(k), defined benefit, annuity, international, and trust operations. A certified public accountant, he started his career with Arthur Andersen & Co. before becoming one of the eight original founders of Liberty Financial Companies, Inc. Prior to his election as ICI Chairman in October 2007, Murphy served as a member of the Institute's Board of Governors. He received a B.S. from Boston College.
John V. Murphy was appointed Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of OppenheimerFunds, Inc., (OFI) on June 30, 2001, and serves as president of all Oppenheimer funds. Additionally, he is President and a board member of Oppenheimer Acquisition Corp., the parent company of OFI, which is owned by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company and other senior management. As of March 31, 2005, OFI managed assets in excess of $170 billion.
A recipient of New York’s Governor’s Committee on Scholastic Achievement Man of the Year Award, Mr. Murphy is an avid supporter of the OppenheimerFunds mentor program and the pursuit of higher education. Mr. Murphy earned a BS from Boston College and is an active BC alumnus, having served as president of the Boston College Varsity Club and Chairman of BC’s Hall of Fame Selection Committee. He’s currently a member of BC’s National Campaign Committee and was most recently appointed to the Boston College Wall Street Council executive committee. Mr. Murphy is also a member of the Board of Governors of the Investment Company Institute and serves as a delegate to the Financial Services Roundtable.
Michael Sullivan is the current United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts. He is the acting director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
Sullivan was notable for his prosecution of airport workers arrested at Logan Airport as part of "Operation Tarmac". The Logan 19 were airport workers, arrested as part of Operation Tarmac, because they had lied about their nationality on the job applications. According to the Boston Phoenix:
"It’s true that life has changed since September 11. But with one exception, every US attorney prosecuting Operation Tarmac cases has either reduced or dropped the charges. The exception? Massachusetts’s Sullivan, who is pursuing maximum legal penalties against the former Logan Airport employees swept up in Operation Tarmac. 'Ignoring the alleged criminal activity of illegal immigrants sends the wrong message to the rest of the world,' he tells the Phoenix."
Sullivan was the subject of an article in Fortune magazine, for his prosecution of fraud in the pharmaceutical industry.
Sullivan laid charges, in Boston, on November 23, 2005, against Abdullah Khadr, a Canadian who is alleged to have sold arms to the Taliban.
He is rumored to be a potential Republican challenger for John Kerry's US Senate seat in 2008.
Dr. John J. Ring, a family physician from Mundelein, Illinois, served as president of the American Medical Association (AMA) from June 1991 to June 1992. Initially elected to the AMA Board of Trustees in June 1983, Ring served as its chairman from 1988 to 1990 and was elected president elect in June 1990. Prior to that, he chaired several AMA committees, represented the Illinois State Medical Society to the AMA House of Delegates and was a founding member of both the Crescent Counties Foundation for Medical Care and the Lake County Business Medicine Task Force on Health in Illinois. A diplomate of the American Board of Family Practice, Ring is on the staff of Condell Medical Center in Libertyville, Illinois, where he serves on the executive committee of the medical staff. Ring, who served as a lieutenant in the Medical Corps of the U.S. Navy from 1953 to 1957, received his M.D. degree from Georgetown University.
Ambassador Mark R. Dybul (born 1963) serves as the United States Global AIDS Coordinator, leading the implementation of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
Dr. Dybul received his A.B. (1985) and M.D. (1992) from Georgetown University and completed his residency in internal medicine at the University of Chicago Hospitals (1995) and a fellowship in infectious diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (1998).
Ambassador Mark R. Dybul serves as the United States Global AIDS coordinator, leading the implementation of President Bush's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief - the $15 billion, five-year initiative to fight HIV/AIDS around the world. Prior to becoming coordinator, Dybul served on the planning task force for the emergency plan, and led the Department of Health and Human Services' International Prevention of Mother and Child HIV Initiative.
He also served as the assistant director for Medical Affairs at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) within the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He continues to be a clinician in the Laboratory of Immunoregulation at NIAID/NIH and maintains an active role as the principal investigator for clinical and basic research for U.S. and international protocols with an emphasis on HIV therapy. Dybul received his bachelor's degree (1985) and medical degree (1992) from Georgetown University before completing his residency in internal medicine at the University of Chicago Hospitals (1995) and a fellowship in infectious diseases at the NIAID (1998).